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Supra

Under this section we wil share work done on the Toyota Supra of all ages

The Toyota Supra is an iconic model and arguably one of Toyota’s most famous sports cars.

Toyota originally revealed the Supra name in April 1978 as the new designation for a longer, wider and more powerful spin-off of the second-generation Celica coupé. Designed and developed in an effort to compete in the popular grand tourer market in Japanese and North American markets, the new Celica Supra replaced the Celica’s four-cylinder engine range with silky smooth six-cylinder engines that offered a more luxurious character. And so began the history of the Toyota Supra…

The next step in the history of the Toyota Supra came with the introduction of the Mk2 Celica Supra, launched in Japan in July 1981. Now based on the sharp-suited, third-generation Celica platform, this new model focused on sporting prowess and was sold as the Celica Supra in all export markets.

The new Celica Supra became available in the European market for the first time in August 1982, and enjoyed an additional air of exclusivity in the UK due to its limited supply of just 100 cars per month.

The Supra’s hallmark long wheelbase and stretched front end again allowed Toyota to equip its range topping sports car with straight six powerplants, including its new 2.8-litre 5M-GE flagship twin-cam engine. Other identifying marks of the Mk2 Celica Supra included retractable headlights, a more aggressive flare to the wheel arches and independent rear suspension.

Toyota ended production of the Mk2 Celica Supra in December 1985, briefly overlapping the new fourth generation Celica launched in August. From this point onwards, Celica and Supra became independent models with celica making the significant shift to front-wheel drive and Supra continued to refine the role of rear-wheel drive grand tourer in the expanding Toyota line-up. 

 

The Mk3 Supra launched in February 1986 with an all new coupé body that was fractionally shorter than the outgoing Celica Supra. Its elegant bodywork covered a chassis that again narrowed the gap between outright sports car and comfortable cruiser. All four corners benefited from double wishbone suspension, the upper arms being made in forged aluminium to reduce weight while the suspension links were attached to subframes to minimise vibrations entering the cabin.

 

In total, four straight-six engines ranging in capacity from 2.0- to 3.0-litre were available in the Mk3, dependent on market. Topping the range was the gutsy 2954cc 7M-GTE turbocharged and intercooled twin-cam engine, outputting 230bhp in the most powerful Japanese 3.0GT Turbo.

The same 7M-GTE unit was later uprated to 270bhp for the limited edition 3.0GT Turbo A. As well as being the fastest Japanese car of the time, this special edition homologated the Supra to compete in Japanese Group A racing, European touring car championships and Group A rallying.

The highly-anticipated fourth-generation Supra was finally unveiled at the 1993 Chicago Motor Show after a four years in development under the guidance of chief engineer Isao Tsuzuki along with a simplified engine line-up of either naturally aspirated or twin-turbocharged 3.0-litre JZ-series straight six offering between 220bhp and 326bhp (the Japanese voluntary limit was 280bhp), top-spec turbo versions with Toyota’s first six-speed gearbox now offered supercar performance.